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In Odessa 27.05.2018, 12:07 | Русский Український Deutsch English

Wellness tourism

According to the current legislation 22 populated areas are considered resorts. More than a thousand tourist and recreational objects are located in these populated areas with the majority operating on a seasonal basis. The biggest amount of recreational facilities is situated in Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, Tatarbunary, Kiliia and Ovidiopol districts. Main Odesa region natural resources widely used for health resort treatment include unique climatic zones of the Black Sea coastline, therapeutic mud and natural brine of Budakskyi (Shabolatskyi), Kuialnytskyi, Tiligulskyi, Khadzhybeiskyi estuaries and Tuzly group of lakes (Shagany, Alibei, Burnas), as well as mineral water springs. Unique therapeutic mud tops the list of natural resources actively used in recreational area of the region. Kuialnytskyi and Khadzhybeiskyi estuaries characterized by high level of sulfides and mineral slush are typical therapeutic mud collectors.

 
Kuialnyk mud is considered original in their therapeutic properties. They comprise a complex of biologically active substances, micro and macro elements eliminating inflammatory processes and stimulating protective and regenerative functions of the troubled organs and systems of the body. As determined by nature, mud of this chemical composition and healing properties can only be found in two places in the world — the Dead Sea and Kuialnytskyi estuary. Great therapeutic effect is stemming from salt brine of Kuialnytskyi estuary which contains a lot of different mineral compounds. The history of foundation of one of the oldest and most famous Odesa resorts – Kuialnyk resort is connected to this estuary. The first salt extractors and chumaks (salt traders in Ukraine) who developed extraction of salt of the Kuialnyk estuary back in the last century, occasionally experienced the healing properties of the salt brine and the mud of the estuary and spread the news about the miraculous curing which started to bring the sick and hoping to soothe their suffering to the banks of the estuary. Afterwards the curious doctors came and the most determined of them tested the effects of the salt brine and the mud on themselves and then sought to treat their patients with it. Erast Stepanovych Andriievskyi was one of these doctors. A division surgeon he lived in Odesa during the late 1920s in the XIX century and served in the Governor General directorate. It was due to him that the health resort was built on the bank of Kuialnytskyi estuary in 1833. It was one of the first resorts in the country. And though quite primitive in the beginning, the resort became widely known in the country and beyond. In 1890, due to growing popularity of the resort, construction of a new water and mud therapy center was commenced based on the project of architect М. К. Tolvinskyi. In May 8, 1892, a highly mechanized therapy center opened its doors to first patients, being one of the best in Russia and having the biggest capacity. Until the middle of XX century, mud therapy centers were also built on the banks of Khadzhybeiskyi and Sukhoi estuaries. These were primitive facilities comprising wooden buildings of those times. In the beginning of XX century Odesa had become marine climatic health resort. Comfortable mansions, private therapy facilities where sea baths were used, started to grow in Arcadia, Bolshoi Fontan (Big Fountain) and Chornomorka districts of Odesa. People had to pay for treatment as resorts belonged to rich owners, and after 1917 October revolution they were nationalized. Until 1941, 60 health resorts were functioning in Odesa, with an annual amount of visitors exceeding 150,000. During the Great Patriotic War, therapy centers were reequipped into hospitals for treatment of the injured. Temporary Nazi occupation brought significant damage to the resorts. Thus, Kuialnyk resort was seriously damaged, where the Hitler’s forces undermined protective dams, flooded 18 hectares area and wrecked the mud therapy center, having destroyed almost all operating resort premises. After the war, the resort was reconstructed. New more effective methods of treatment were introduced and the capacity of the mud centers grew considerably.
 
Apart from Odesa, another important medical and recreational tourism centre is Serhiivka health resort village lying on the bank of Budakskyi (Shabolatskyi) estuary. Budakskyi estuary is a reservoir located in the north-western part of the Black Sea with a unique combination of climate, mud and balneological resources. The lagoon is separated from the Black Sea by a narrow sandbar which is a splendid beach itself. Shabolat-Serhiivka settlement was first mentioned in 1889, when it comprised 15 households of parishioners. And the first seasonal mud cure centre was built in 1921, which prompted the development of this settlement as a resort. During the next four years another two small mud cure centers were built on the western shore of the lagoon and “Akymbet” resort comprising a mud cure centre and a hotel started functioning on the north-eastern shore of the estuary. In the beginning of Great Patriotic War the work on the resort was not only slackened, but it was destroyed. After the war, the premises of the preserved pavilions could only be used for seasonal mud resort with a capacity of 50 beds. However in June 1947, renovation of resort’s material and technical base allowed for accepting 150 children in the newly created children resort and in 1948 the osteal-tuberculosis resort for treatment of children started functioning. The period of 1957-1967 was marked as a peak of capital construction in Serhiivka resort. A new two-story pavilion is being erected in the village, complying with all sanitary and hygienic requirements, with autonomous mud and water therapy centre for children who suffer from poliomyelitis. Three one-story pavilions are being constructed on the territory of “Senetatia” health resort to accommodate 120 patients. Next to the old mud cure clinic a water therapy centre for 12 baths was constructed along with physiotherapy department, cabinets of functional diagnostics and X-Ray. In 1962 three-story building of “Senetatia” health resort was put into operation and from 1964 it becomes the main pavilion of the resort functioning all year long for adults with heterospecific chronic inflammatory diseases of musculoskeletal system and peripheral nervous system.
 
The resort had been actively developed in the 70s and the 80s. During this period, “Patriia”, “Viktoriia” and “Serhii Lazo” health resorts, “Sperantsa” children’s health resort, water therapy centre of “Senetatia” health resort and the main buildings of “Zolota Nyva” health resort were commissioned. In March 1991, a comprehensive resort was opened — “Orizont” health resort. Nowadays, resorts of Serhiivka resort village provide successful treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, central and peripheral nervous systems, respiratory and digestive organs, as well as urological inflammatory diseases; there is recovery and treatment for children and teenagers who live in the areas of high background radiation as well as rehabilitation for participants in the rectification of the consequences of the accident at Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Along with mud therapy, therapeutic factors of Budakskyi estuary are widely used for treatment of the abovementioned diseases — the estuary water is used for bath treatment and estuary bathing as well as sea bathing. The chemical composition of these waters is identical. The constancy of the ratio of elements in sea and estuary water represents an important feature, and is of high recreational value.
 
Another important resource for the development of medical and recreational tourism in the region is the salt water Burnas estuary in Tatarbunary district. The salinity of this estuary, which is connected to the Black Sea through channels, is approximately two times higher than of the sea. The therapeutic mud of Burnas estuary belongs to medium and highly mineralized magnesium and sodium silty mud, which are used primarily for treatment of the diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In Tatarbunary district, there are groups of mineral waters which can be used for the development of recreation and tourism — hydrogen sulfide, iodine and bromine, whose therapeutic effect is determined by the combination of various salts.
 

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